WHY IS HEALTH TESTING IMPORTANT?

Part of being a responsible breeder is making sure that you screen your dogs for genetic diseases and health issues before you breed them. The goal with health testing is to be aware of your dogs strengths and weaknesses, and to produce as healthy of a litter as you can. Part of being a responsible dog owner is making sure your breeder is doing all the correct health testing. We are so fortunate with the amazing technology that is readily available for us today.
Although no dog is perfect, there is a lot we can do to aim for perfection, and improve each generation!

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BREED HEALTH

MINIATURE AMERICAN SHEPHERD

OFA-CHIC Health Testing Requirements

The Orthopedic Foundation for Animals, working with the breed's parent club, recommends the following basic health screening tests for all breeding stock. Dogs meeting these basic health screening requirements will be issued Canine Health Information Center (CHIC) numbers. For CHIC certification, all results do not need to be normal, but they must all be in the public domain so that responsible breeders can make more informed breeding decisions. For potential puppy buyers, CHIC certification is a good indicator the breeder responsibly factors good health into their selection criteria. The breed specific list below represents the basic health screening recommendations. 

A DNA test is as simple as sending a swab of saliva to a lab. For hips, eyes, heart, and elbows, your vet has to perform an examination and then you submit the results to OFA.

Hip Dysplasia 
OFA Evaluation

Eye Examination
Eye Examination by a boarded ACVO Ophthalmologist

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
DNA Test results from an approved lab 

Multiple Drug Sensitivity
DNA based MDR1 test results from an approved lab

HSF4 - Hereditary Cataracts
DNA Test results from an approved lab 

Collie Eye Anomaly (Optional)
DNA Test results from an approved lab

Elbow Dysplasia (Optional)
OFA Evaluation 

Degenerative Myelopathy (Optional)
DNA Test results from an approved lab 

A breeder saying that a vet has declared their dogs 'healthy' is NOT the same as proper health testing. Every breed has their own recommended health tests, please view the OFA website for a complete list for each breed.